Before constructing anything, one should be aware of the steps to follow to establish something that will last longer and of high quality. The steps of building good stairs are discussed below;
Drive a stake
A stake or a pole is established on the ground at the base of the slope. The carpentry should mark where the first steps need to be positioned. The stakes or poles used should be taller than the top of the slope.
Lay a level board straight
A level board should be laid straight out from the top of the slope to the stake, and the carpentry should mark the height on the stake. Measurement should be done and be divided into inches that is5 ½ inches, this is to find out the total number of risers needed to build the steps.
Remove the soil from the ground
It is done by cutting 3 feet into the slope and 5 ½ inches deep, this helps in making room for two-three-foot sleeper timbers. The woods used should run perpendicularly with the stair threads. A surface should be provided to mount the threads. The wood used will extend to the hillside to attach the staircase to the hill.
Pre-drill a half inch pilot hole
It should be about 4 inches from each end of two-three-foot long wood sleepers.
Timber cuttings should be laid into the excavated area. At the top of the timbers, level it with some soil so that the ends protruding out of the slope look even. Leave space at the outside edges of the woods which should be three feet apart to make a three feet wide staircase. Install the first step on top of the other cuttings which should be flat with the ground.
Drive a two-three feet rebar
A length of two-three feet of rebar is needed. The rebar will be driven with pilot holes in the cuttings to attach it to the ground.
Lay terrain timbers
The woods should be laid across the cuttings from left to right. They should be arranged in such a manner that they are directly behind the front wood to make a stair thread. The outside edges should be lined with thread timbers, the front stair wood should be lined with the front edge of the cuttings. A 10-inch timber screw is driven into each end to attach the wood to the sleepers.
Dig out the hillsides
Make a 3feet space that is directly behind the first wood so that it accommodates the second tier of cuttings. On top of each sleeper, lay a 3 feet sleeper on the first level. Use timber screws to fasten the second level of sleepers.
Fill empty spaces
All the empty spaces around the threads and cuttings should be filled with gravel. It should be spread evenly so that it becomes flat with the first stair thread. Gravel is used to replace the removed soil and to provide a better drainage.
Establish the remaining stairs
The number of stairs needed is built until the top of the slope is reached. Install cuttings behind the top stair thread and fill the remaining space with gravel to offer drainage services up the stair tread.
Stairs are easy to build, but they should be made keenly to avoid collapsing. After constructing the stairs, a maximum room should be given to them to dry so that they become compact.